Thursday 17 February 2011

The Sin of David

In the bible stories in Samuel and Chronicles, God sent a plague on the people of Israel because of David's "numbering the people". It is not clear what the word meant in this context, or why God was displeased, but thousands of years later religious people fought to defeat the idea of public numeration (census) based on the fear that it would bring God's wrath.
[from 2nd Samual 24]
"David was conscience-stricken after he had counted the fighting men, and he said to the LORD, "I have sinned greatly in what I have done. Now, O LORD, I beg you, take away the guilt of your servant. I have done a very foolish thing."
11 Before David got up the next morning, the word of the LORD had come to Gad the prophet, David's seer: 12 "Go and tell David, 'This is what the LORD says: I am giving you three options. Choose one of them for me to carry out against you.' "
13 So Gad went to David and said to him, "Shall there come upon you three [b] years of famine in your land? Or three months of fleeing from your enemies while they pursue you? Or three days of plague in your land? Now then, think it over and decide how I should answer the one who sent me."
14 David said to Gad, "I am in deep distress. Let us fall into the hands of the LORD, for his mercy is great; but do not let me fall into the hands of men."
15 So the LORD sent a plague on Israel from that morning until the end of the time designated, and seventy thousand of the people from Dan to Beersheba died.
Not sure why God couldn't have chastised David more directly instead of killing 70,000 other folks.... or why his son Solomon was not punished later for a similar counting is not clear, "Solomon took a census of all foreigners in the land of Israel, like the census his father had taken, and he counted 153,600."  2nd Chronicles 2:17.  He would have surely known of his father's experience...and he was, afterall, as wise as ....well... Solomon. 

Similarly God's retribution seems not to fall on a later enumeration reported in Ezra 2:1-34 where many of the people were not only counted, but named by name...."Now these are the people of the province who came up from the captivity of the exiles, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had taken captive to Babylon (they returned to Jerusalem and Judah, each to their own town, 2 in company with Zerubbabel, Joshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum and Baanah):
   The list of the men of the people of Israel: .....

So why the singular focus on David's sin became so common is unclear to me..but it lasted well into the 18th century. 

In a letter from John Winthrop to Sir Nathaniel Rich he reported that the people of the Colony had not been formally numbered, by reason of " David's example," but there were believed to be more than 4000 of them. 

In The "Triumph of Numbers" by I B Cohen he quotes Winthrop letter with the colorful reasonin that, "David's example sticke's somewhat with us."

From the same source I found, "In 1712, in a letter to the Lord of Trade, the Governer of New York blamed the imperfections of the census of 1712 on the fear of God's wrath and, in a report, claimed that an earlier count had been followed by excessive sickness in the colony." 


Steven Colyer said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Steven Colyer said...

Are you anti-census, or was this just some random thought? You know, I was a Census Enumerator this summer. Best. Job. Ever. I wish I could be doing it now. The only problem I ran into were Tea Partiers, who refused to answer, thanks to that loon, Glenn Beck, who obviously hasn't read the Constitution. Anyway, thanks to them, New Jersey lost a congressional seat. I'd like to think that were it not for me though, we would have lost another, heh. GOD I love detective work. Old James Bond/Sherlock Holmes/Charlie Chan fan here, sorry. Also Clark Kent, Bruce Wayne, and the Bowery Boys (remember Slip and Satch?). OK, I'm showing my age, let's move along. These are not the gray-haired droids we're looking for.

Enumerator means counter, "one who counts" as in "literally" counts, not ... "matters". Although I bet old Sargon in Akkad "counted" on his counters with their triangular styluses and clay tablets quite a bit. Must've been a boom in claysmithing right around that time, I reckon.

So you see kids? Math is good for the economy. Except for the mathematician, since as the old joke goes, the difference between a Mathematician and a large pizza is that a large pizza can feed a family of four. Or cinnamon date pie or whatever the ancient Mesopotamians ate.

As you know Pat, counting is where Mathematics begins. The Mathematical Timeline lists marks on Paleolithic bones circa 30,000 BC as the first "moment" in our Math history.

And then ... nothing ... until the Babylonians (not the Egyptians, Pat) come along about 26,000 years later.

What were they doing for 26,000 years, then? Hanging out in Atlantis, I guess, or painting on cave walls in France. Or maybe it was that most ancient of arts: making fun of the neighbors. :-)

Pat's Blog said...

Nope, I'm only anti meetings.. I was trapped for one in the school library so I hit the old 512 section of the Dewey decimal system and found Cohen's book and was reminded of the topic in his early chapters. Decided to upgrade some old notes with the quotes and bang..a blog post is born...

Steven Colyer said...

Meeting, huh? Let me guess ... bureaucrats (bosses) telling the people who actually work (teachers, you) how the upper bureaucracy (boss' bosses) has changed the system ... yet again.

It's the same in business, just substitute "Vice-Presidents" for "bureaucrats."

Did you ever guesstimate the average hourly wage of all the people in those meetings, then multiply by the time in hours or fraction thereof*, then multiply by 2 (for the cost of benefits), then divide by some .... "effectiveness" metric? :-)

* - "fraction thereof" .. lol