## Saturday 1 October 2022

### # 1 from old math terms notes

Recovering some old notes I wrote for students over time and adding them as I go:

Obtuse is from the Latin formation ob (against) + tundere (to beat) and literally means to beat against. An object thus beaten becomes blunt, dull, or rounded, as in the application to an obtuse angle, one having more than 90o but less than 180o. A triangle with an obtuse angle is called an obtuse triangle.

You may (very rarely) encounter the name amblygon used for an obtuse triangle. It is also sometimes spelled ambligon. Amblygon is drawn from the Greek roots for blunt amblu preceding the root gon for angle. The use in English probably first occurred in Billingsley's translation of Euclid in 1570, although he wrote "amblygonum". Billingsley's translation was the first translation of Euclid's "Elements" in English. It was published at London in 1570 with the title The Elements of Geometric of the most auncient Philosopher Euclide of Megara. Faithfully (now first) translated into the Englishe toung, by H. Billingsley, Citizen of London