**Polynomial,** a general term for algebraic terms joined by plus or minus signs, also uses the "poly" root for many. The word is a hybrid of Greek and Latin roots. Polynomial means "many names" and is an extension of **binomial**, literally two names, and **monomial** which means "one name". *Nomen* is a Latin root related to "name" and is also found in nominate (to name a candidate) , misnomer (wrongly named), nomenclature (the names of things in a discipline or science) and of course, the French *nom de Plume* or pen name.

In Florian Cajori's __Hisotry of Mathematics__ he says that Francois Vieta coined the term, and the OED credits the first use in English to the __Arithmetic__ of Samuel Jeake in 1674.

**Binomial** is, according to the Miriam Webster 0n-line dictionary, from "New Latin binomium, from Medieval Latin, neuter of binomius having two names, alteration of Latin binominis, from bi- + nomin-, nomen name ". Jeff Miller's web site on the first use of mathematical terms says the first English use of the term was in __The Whetstone of Witte__ in 1577 by Robert Recorde. He quotes from the OED *"The nombers that be compound with + be called Bimedialles... If their partes be of 2 denominations, then thei named Binomialles properly. Howbeit many vse to call Binomialles all compounde nombers that have +"*. Miller credits the first English use of **monomial** to "a 1706 dictionary".

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